Java program for student details using constructor

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Java program for student details using constructor

Comparator interface is used to order the objects of user-defined classes. A comparator object is capable of comparing two objects of two different classes. Following function compare obj1 with obj2. Method 1 : One obvious approach is to write our own sort function using one of the standard algorithms. This solution requires rewriting the whole sorting code for different criterion like Roll No.

Method 2: Using comparator interface- Comparator interface is used to order the objects of user-defined class. This interface is present in java. Using comparator, we can sort the elements based on data members.

For instance it may be on rollno, name, age or anything else. Method of Collections class for sorting List elements is used to sort the elements of List by the given comparator. How does Collections. Sort work?

java program for student details using constructor

Internally the Sort method does call Compare method of the classes it is sorting. It uses this result to then determine if they should be swapped for its sort. By changing the return value in inside compare method you can sort in any order you want.

In previous articles, we have discussed how to sort list of objects on the basis of single field using Comparable and Comparator interface But, what if we have a requirement to sort ArrayList objects in accordance with more than one fields like firstly sort, according to student name and secondly sort according to student age. This article is contributed by Rishabh Mahrsee. If you like GeeksforGeeks and would like to contribute, you can also write an article and mail your article to contribute geeksforgeeks.

See your article appearing on the GeeksforGeeks main page and help other Geeks. Please write comments if you find anything incorrect, or you want to share more information about the topic discussed above. Writing code in comment? Please use ide. How to iterate over a TreeMap in Java? String name, address. String address. String Name. NameCompare : AgeCompare. Recommended Posts: Java. How are Java objects stored in memory? How are parameters passed in Java?By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service.

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. It has methods computeaverage and calculategrade. The grades are based on the average, with above 90 an A, 80 to 90 a B, 70 to 80 a C etc. All other attributes have a set and a get. On Thursday I saw a classmates code that he got from the teacher and he had something that I haven't seen before in my student class on line 37 Student Constructor.

Instead of having getters and setters he had code similar to what I have at line But I have no idea what he did and the correct coding. So I was hoping someone here could tell me what I am doing wrong and how this code can get away without using getter and setter methods???

The Java Constructor Method

Your Person class is wrong. It has no attributes or methods. There's no reason to extend it, because it brings nothing to the party. You don't need getters or setters if the attribute is visible to the public, but that doesn't mean it's a good idea.

You can declare many method with the same namebut the signature has to change. In other words, it has to have different parameters so the compiler will know which version of the method to use. So you have one constructor without parameters, that just set test1test2test3 and average to 0. And you have this constructor:. Note that you should initialize average in the constructor too, as well as set firstName and lastName :.

You'll then need getters and setters to access them from outside the class.Example Student class. The student class has four properties namely roll number, name, standard and total marks.

All these properties have respective methods to get and set object values. The student class has two constructors, one is the default, and another one is overloaded to accept all four properties and set them to object properties.

My name is RahimV and I have over 16 years of experience in designing and developing Java applications. Over the years I have worked with many fortune companies as an eCommerce Architect. My goal is to provide high quality but simple to understand Java tutorials and examples for free. If you like my website, follow me on Facebook and Twitter.

Your email address will not be published. Leave a reply. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. You may also like. Java convert String to byte example 3 Min Read. Java convert char to String example 2 Min Read. Find absolute value of a number using abs method of Math Class 2 Min Read. Swap two numbers with and without using a temp variable in Java example 3 Min Read. Java String array initialize example 3 Min Read. Calculate logarithm value using log method of Java Math class 2 Min Read.

Java convert long to String example 2 Min Read.If we want to access variables inside a class we can access them using object. Actually we need to use methods to perform any task.

Example Student class

And to assign and to get values of a object we have setter and getter methods concept in java. Getter and setter methods are like normal methods in java.

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If we observe this it is pure encapsulation in java. It should accept some value as an argument. It should have a statement to assign argument value to corresponding variable. It does not have any return type. It should not have any arguments. It should return corresponding variable value. So return type must be of type of variable we are returning from the method.

Comparator Interface in Java with Examples

In order to get the variable value we need to call corresponding getter method of variable. Tagged with: java interview programs java programming interview questions.

Thanks for the post.

Java Programming Tutorial - 18 - Getting user Input and Creating Objects

This is the best explanation from all the sites i have seen. The thin is your explanation is Understandable even to a begineer.

C++ program to Display Student Details using constructor and destructor

Instance Of Java. We will help you in learning. Please leave your comments and suggestions in comment section.

java program for student details using constructor

Search there for answers thank you. Newer Post Older Post Home. Unknown Oct 28,PM. Anonymous May 8,PM. Subscribe to: Post Comments Atom.Here are the key differences between a constructor and a method:. A constructor is called automatically when a new instance of an object is created. The public keyword indicates that other classes can access the constructor. ClassName must be the same as the name of the class that contains the constructor.

You code the parameter list the same way that you code it for a method. A constructor allows you to provide initial values for class fields when you create the object. Suppose that you have a class named Actor that has fields named firstName and lastName.

You can create a constructor for the Actor class:. Then you create an instance of the Actor class by calling this constructor:. Like methods, constructors can be overloaded. In other words, you can provide more than one constructor for a class if each constructor has a unique signature.

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This default constructor is called if you specify the new keyword without passing parameters. For example:.

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Here, a variable of type Ball is created by using the default constructor for the Ball class. If you explicitly declare any constructors for a class, Java does not create a default constructor for the class. As a result, if you declare a constructor that accepts parameters and still want to have an empty constructor with no parameters and no bodyyou must explicitly declare an empty constructor for the class.

Doug Lowe began writing programming books before Java was invented. How to Use a Constructor in Java.Avoid bad initializations. One problem with the Student1 class is that the user has to explicitly initialize all fields. This requires extra typing, but more importantly, it is error-prone. If we forget to initialize a field, the default value could have bad consequences. Similar to method. A constructor is similar to a method -- it's called like a method, has parameters like a method, and it returns.

But it must have the same name as the class for which it is a constructor. Also, the type and return value are implicit. Here is the Student1 class with a constructor which simply initializes the fields instance variables from its parameters. Often constructors do more work in initialization, including checking for legal values, but for now we'll just simply copy the parameter values.

All object creation therefore must use your explicitly defined constructor. For example. The constructor can check that all fields are defined with legal values.

We're not going to extend the Student2 class any further to test for legal values, but we will in the next example. For the moment we'll leave the Student class, and move to something different to show the same ideas. Java Basics Contents - Prev: 2. Data - Student Class - Next: 4. Purpose of this lesson : To introduce the concept of constructors.

Purpose of constructors is both guaranteed initialization and convenience. Create new Student2 object with new.A Java constructor is a method that is used to initialize an object.

It has the same name as that of the class and is called or invoked when we create an object of the class, and we can't call them explicitly.

java program for student details using constructor

While creating an object, its attributes may or may not be available. If none is available, then the default constructor is called. It is optional to write a constructor method s in a class, but due to their utility, we use them. The output of the program: The program is the simplest example of a constructor.

The constructor gets called when we create an object of the class Programming. As you can see, the output prints the "Constructor method called. Constructors in Java can be overloaded just like other methods, i. The number depends on the information we have about the attributes of an object while creating it. Constructor overloading program example:. Output of program:. When we create the CPP object, the default constructor executes.

When we create java object, the constructor with argument is called. Method setName is used to set the 'name' attribute of language, getName method prints language name. Constructor chaining occurs when a class inherits another class.

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In inheritance, a subclass inherits the properties of the superclass. Both the super and subclass may have constructor methods.

When we create an object of a subclass, we call its constructor. It initializes subclass attributes; now, we need to invoke the superclass constructor. To achieve this, Java provides a super keyword through which we can pass arguments to the superclass constructor. For more clarity, see constructor chaining example:. The constructor method doesn't specify a return type; it returns an instance of the class itself.

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